Changes between Version 10 and Version 11 of WebInfoPamphlet


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Timestamp:
May 21, 2008, 12:33:38 PM (11 years ago)
Author:
Jamie McClelland
Comment:

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  • WebInfoPamphlet

    v10 v11  
    103103Domain registration is an Internet-wide practice performed by a very few, select and highly specialized companies called "registrars." These are companies that have huge resources and experience and are required to demonstrate those resources and experience with the Internet's management authorities (like ICAAN).
    104104
    105 Their only role is to sign you up for a domain no one else has, take your yearly fee and put you on a database that has your domain, information about who owns it, and the IP addresses of the people who host the local dns for that domain. They also circulated this information to a network of servers called "DNS servers" (there are about two dozen of them world-wide).
     105Their only role is to sign you up for a domain no one else has, take your yearly fee and put you on a database that has your domain, information about who owns it, and the IP addresses of the people who host the authoritative DNS for that domain. They also circulated this information to a network of servers called "root DNS servers."
    106106
    107107That's it. People type in the url and it goes to one of those servers to find out where the local dns is hosted.
    108108
    109 Local dns is something different. Here the provider has a set of records that have your domain name, your service year (www or mail or whatever) and the IP of the specific server this stuff is one (or servers if there's more than one). It's the system that tells your browser or email client where precisely to go to find a website or to send a specific person email.
     109Authoritative DNS is something different. Here the provider has a set of records that have your domain name, your service year (www or mail or whatever) and the IP of the specific server this stuff is one (or servers if there's more than one). It's the system that tells .your browser or email client where precisely to go to find a website or to send a specific person email.
    110110
    111 That's the difference: Like with an office or apartment building, domain registration is like the telephone directory: it gives the address to the building where the person you're looking for resides or work. Local dns is the office or bell directory downstairs that tells you precisely where, inside the building, that person can be found.
     111That's the difference: Like with an office or apartment building, domain registration is like the telephone directory: it gives the address to the building where the person you're looking for resides or work. Authoritative DNS is the office or bell directory downstairs that tells you precisely where, inside the building, that person can be found.
    112112
    113 If a provider controls domain register, that provider can actually prevent you from moving your site from his/her servers or demand all kinds of things from you before permission is given. That's why it's illegal. A provider cannot be a domain registrar.
    114 
    115 So how do they offer both? They're paying a registrar to do the domain work and passing on the charges to you. The only problem is they don't pass on the information about who the domain registrar is and so you can't make a change yourself. As remarkable as it may seem, this bit of high-tech flim flam is perfectly legal and providers (like tucows and godaddy) do it all the time.
     113If a provider controls domain register, that provider can actually prevent you from moving your site from his/her servers or demand all kinds of things from you before permission is given.
    116114
    117115This practice runs counter to everything the Internet stands for. You can't move your site if someone else is controlling the domain and if you can't move your site, you are a prisoner. No matter what someone may tell you about a "contract" or anything else, you have the legal right to know who is providing your domain registration and the legal right to move your domain anyplace you want.
     
    119117In fact, you ''do'' have access to this information even though your provider may hide it from you. You use the whois command on a command line of any terminal hooked up to the Internet. For example,
    120118
     119{{{
    121120yourterminal$ whois mayfirst.org
     121}}}
    122122
    123123yield this information:
    124124
     125{{{
    125126Domain ID:D101505448-LROR
    126127Domain Name:MAYFIRST.ORG
     
    133134Registrant Name:Media Jumpstart Inc.
    134135Registrant Organization:aka May First/People Link
    135 
     136}}}
    136137
    137138So we know two things right off -- this domain name is owned by the organization Media Jumpstart (our owning foundation) and it's registered at dotster (our domain registrar). All registration records give you this information. And at the bottom of the record it says:
    138139
     140{{{
    139141Name Server:B.NS.MAYFIRST.ORG
    140142Name Server:A.NS.MAYFIRST.ORG
     143}}}
    141144
    142 which are the names of the local dns servers at May First/People Link.
     145which are the names of the authoritative DNS servers at May First/People Link.
    143146
    144 If you go to Dotster, login and you are the owner of this record (the registrant) you can repoint it to whatever provider IP address you want and that place will then assume handling local dns (and presumably many other services) for you. There may be some restrictions (like if you owe the old provider money) but if you're in the midst of a contract year or are paid off, you can make the move legally without any question.
     147If you go to Dotster, login and you are the owner of this record (the registrant), then you can re-point it to whatever authoritative DNS server you want and that place will then assume the responsibility for handling DNS lookups (and presumably many other services) for you. There may be some restrictions (like if you owe the old provider money) but if you're in the midst of a contract year or are paid off, you can make the move legally without any question.
    145148
    146149The right way to do it is: the person who owns the website should own the registration.